Many of us have baby "primitive" reflexes stuck in our system, which have caused us challenges throughout life without us even being aware of them.

These primitive reflexes can cause people to have emotional, behavioural, postural, sensory and learning challenges - for example, balance challenges, confusing left and right, motion sickness, tight hamstrings, and an inability to sit comfortably still in a school chair are a few examples of symptoms of active primitive reflexes. Retained reflexes can be inherited, or can be as a result of trauma in utero or in infancy.

People with (or without) diagnoses, such as Dyslexia, ASD, OCD, Tourette's, Attention Disorders and Dyspraxia all have clusters of active primitive reflexes, as do those with anxiety and depression.

Emma Ashfield uses movement patterns used by foetuses and newborns to build new brain connections and inhibit and integrate the primitive reflexes, allowing adult postural reflexes to mature, which removes these challenges.

Emma helped edit the book "Beyond the Sea Squirt - a Journey with Reflexes", by Moira Dempsey earlier this year, which is a good starting point for anyone wishing to research primitive reflexes.

Emma also works with The Safe and Sound Protocol, a five-day sound programme based on Dr Stephen Porges' Polyvagal Theory, which improves social engagement.

Emma works mainly with children from around age 3, but around 30% of her clients are adults - many of whom came to her via their children and decided to find out how change feels.

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